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PPN Newsletter             February 2012

Listed below are recent updates to the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities website (http://www.promisingpractices.net).


Newly added to PPN's Programs that Work section:  Hip-Hop to Health Jr. shows promise in reducing overweight among young children

Young kids eating healthy foods
Hip-Hop to Health Jr. aimed to promote healthy eating and physical activity habits in young children ages 3-5 years. The 14-week intervention included 45-minute instructional sessions, three times each week, consisting of nutritional education and physical activity. In an evaluation of Hip-Hop to Health Jr. among African American preschool-aged children, researchers found that children participating in Hip-Hop to Health Jr. had significantly lower increases in BMI compared with control children at the 1- and 2-year follow-ups. However, a subsequent study of the same program among Latino preschool-aged children in the same urban area did not find similar results, suggesting either that the program may only be effective in certain populations, or that it cannot be replicated to produce similar results.

Read moreRead the new Hip-Hop to Health Jr. program summary

Study shows high prevalence of prenatal maternal depression in U.S. and associated poor birth outcomes

Pregnant woman with depression
Untreated prenatal maternal depression is less well-studied than postnatal depression, despite its prevalence, affecting nearly one-fifth of pregnant women in the United States. A new meta-analysis of prenatal depression studies, recently published in the Archives of Women's Mental Health, examined the outcomes associated with untreated prenatal depression, in light of the inherent limitations to the data. Bearing in mind the fact that prenatally depressed mothers often experience other risk factors, study authors found that untreated prenatal depression is associated with significant consequences to the developing fetus and possibly further into childhood.

Read moreRead the abstract at the Archives of Women's Mental Health website

New research focuses on teens' uptake and understanding of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine

Teenage girls
A new study published in Cancer documented the HPV vaccination rate among 9-17 year old girls in the United States as of 2008, finding that only 2.8% of 9-10 year olds, 14.7% of 11-12 year olds, and 25.4% of 13-17 year old girls had received at least 1 dose of HPV vaccine. Fewer than half of these girls eventually received all three doses required to complete the series. Parents' reasons for not vaccinating their teen daughters were based primarily upon the beliefs that their daughters did not need vaccination, that their daughters were not sexually active, or upon their insufficient knowledge of the vaccine. A related study published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine documented teens' perceptions after receiving the HPV vaccine and found that, on average, girls perceived themselves to be more protected from HPV than other sexually transmitted infections as a result of vaccination. Few girls perceived less need for safer sexual behaviors, with only 3.8% reporting perceived need for safer sexual behaviors in the lower half of the survey scale.

Read moreRead the abstracts in Cancer and the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine


Listed below are research summaries that have been added to the PPN site this month.

See all in this area »  Healthy and Safe Children

Life Course Outcomes on Mental and Physical Health: The Impact of Foster Care on Adulthood — Mar. 2012

Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect Rivals Other Major Public Health Problems — Feb. 2012

Acculturation, Depressive Symptoms, Estriol, Progesterone, and Preterm Birth in Hispanic Women — Jan. 2012

Adolescent Health and Harassment Based on Discriminatory Bias — Jan. 2012

Adolescent Irritability: Phenotypic Associations and Genetic Links With Depressed Mood — Jan. 2012

Adolescent Perceptions of Risk and Need for Safer Sexual Behaviors After First Human Papillomavirus Vaccination — Jan. 2012

Adolescents, Online Marketing and Privacy: Predicting Adolescents' Willingness to Disclose Personal Information for Marketing Purposes — Jan. 2012

An Analysis of the Impact of the Strengthening Families Program on Family Reunification in Child Welfare — Jan. 2012

Annual Summary of Vital Statistics: 2009 — Jan. 2012

Association Between Childhood Sexual Abuse and Transactional Sex in Youth Aging Out of Foster Care — Jan. 2012

Association Between HIV-Related Risk Behaviors and HIV Testing Among High School Students in the United States, 2009 — Jan. 2012

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Autisticlike Traits — Jan. 2012

Autonomic Arousal to Direct Gaze Correlates with Social Impairments Among Children with ASD — Jan. 2012

A Behavior-Genetic Study of the Legacy of Early Caregiving Experiences: Academic Skills, Social Competence, and Externalizing Behavior in Kindergarten — Jan. 2012

Carpooling and Booster Seats: A National Survey of Parents — Jan. 2012

Child, Caregiver, and Family Characteristics Associated with Emergency Department Use by Children Who Remain at Home After a Child Protective Services Investigation — Jan. 2012

Children Born by C-Section at Slightly Higher Asthma Risk — Jan. 2012

'Co-Occurring' Disorders May Explain Change in Autism Diagnosis — Jan. 2012

Cyberbullying, School Bullying, and Psychological Distress: A Regional Census of High School Students — Jan. 2012

Design and Implementation of an Integrated, Continuous Evaluation, and Quality Improvement System for a State-Based Home-Visiting Program — Jan. 2012

Differences in Autism Symptoms Between Minority and Non-Minority Toddlers — Jan. 2012

Excess Body Mass Index — Years, a Measure of Degree and Duration of Excess Weight, and Risk for Incident Diabetes — Jan. 2012

Feeding a Family in a Recession: Food Insecurity Among Minnesota Parents — Jan. 2012

Gang Homicides — Five U.S. Cities, 2003-2008 — Jan. 2012

Genetic and Environmental Components of Neonatal Weight Gain in Preterm Infants — Jan. 2012

Gray Matter Volumetric MRI Differences Late-Preterm and Term Infants — Jan. 2012

Health Care Needs of Children With Down Syndrome and Impact of Health System Performance on Children and Their Families — Jan. 2012

Home Births in the United States, 1990-2009 — Jan. 2012

Illuminating the Relationship Between Bullying and Substance Use Among Middle and High School Youth — Jan. 2012

Increased Intake of Oily Fish in Pregnancy: Effects on Neonatal Immune Responses and on Clinical Outcomes in Infants at 6 Months — Jan. 2012

Intellectual, Behavioral, and Social Outcomes of Accidental Traumatic Brain Injury in Early Childhood — Jan. 2012

Learning the Hard Way: Expectations and Experiences of Infant Feeding Support — Jan. 2012

Maternal Exposure to Ambient Temperature and the Risks of Preterm Birth and Stillbirth in Brisbane, Australia — Jan. 2012

Parent and Child Characteristics Related to Chosen Adolescent Alcohol and Drug Prevention Program — Jan. 2012

Parent-Adolescent Conflict Interactions and Adolescent Alcohol Use — Jan. 2012

Postneonatal Mortality Among Alaska Native Infants, 1989-2009 — Jan. 2012

Prenatal Health Behaviors and Postpartum Depression: Is There an Association? — Jan. 2012

Prepregnancy Contraceptive Use Among Teens with Unintended Pregnancies Resulting in Live Births — Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2004-2008 — Jan. 2012

Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in Body Mass Index Among U.S. Children and Adolescents, 1999-2010 — Jan. 2012

Prevalence of Polypharmacy Exposure Among Hospitalized Children in the United States — Jan. 2012

Prevalence, Patterns, and Persistence of Sleep Problems in the First 3 Years of Life — Jan. 2012

Prospective Study of Sunburn and Sun Behavior Patterns During Adolescence — Jan. 2012

A Qualitative Study of Postpartum Mothers' Intention to Smoke — Jan. 2012

Repetitive Behaviors in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Developmentally Similar Peers — Jan. 2012

A Review of Family and Environmental Correlates of Health Behaviors in High-Risk Youth — Jan. 2012

Sexual Timetables for Oral-Genital, Vaginal, and Anal Intercourse: Sociodemographic Comparisons in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents — Jan. 2012

Trends in Resource Utilization by Children with Neurological Impairment in the United States Inpatient Health Care System — Jan. 2012

Twins, Triplets, Multiple Births Update — Jan. 2012

U.S. Hepatitis A Vaccine Rates Vary Widely, Survey Shows — Jan. 2012

Untreated Prenatal Maternal Depression and the Potential Risks to Offspring — Jan. 2012

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake Among 9- to 17-year-old Girls: National Health Interview Survey, 2008 — Dec. 2011

Recommendations on the Use of Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in Males — Dec. 2011

Time-to-Event Analysis of Fine Particle Air Pollution and Preterm Birth: Results From North Carolina, 2001-2005 — Dec. 2011

See all in this area »  Children Ready for School

Age Differences in Online Processing of Video: An Eye Movement Study — Jan. 2012

Age-Related Changes in Decision Making: Comparing Informed and Noninformed Situations — Jan. 2012

Alphabet Knowledge in Preschool: A Rasch Model Analysis — Jan. 2012

The Association Between Preschool Children's Social Functioning and Their Emergent Academic Skills — Jan. 2012

Attention-Seeking During Caregiver Unavailability and Collaboration at Age 2 — Jan. 2012

A Behavior-Genetic Study of the Legacy of Early Caregiving Experiences: Academic Skills, Social Competence, and Externalizing Behavior in Kindergarten — Jan. 2012

Developmental Changes and Individual Differences in Young Children's Moral Judgments — Jan. 2012

Kindergarten Child Care Experiences and Child Achievement and Socioemotional Skills — Jan. 2012

Determinants of Household Participation in Florida's Voluntary Prekindergarten Program — Dec. 2011

See all in this area »  Children Succeeding in School

Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children's Behavior and Academic Progress — Jan. 2012

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Charter School Management Organizations — Jan. 2012

The State of State Science Standards 2012 — Jan. 2012

When the Saints Go Marching Out: Long-Term Outcomes for Student Evacuees from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita — Jan. 2012

Year Two of Implementing the Common Core State Standards: States' Progress and Challenges — Jan. 2012

Young Girls' Arithmetic and Spatial Skills: The Distal and Proximal Roles of Family Socioeconomics and Home Learning Experiences — Jan. 2012

See all in this area »  Strong Families

Associations Between Observed Mother-Adolescent Interactions and Adolescent Information Management — Jan. 2012

Employment Patterns of Less-Skilled Workers: Links to Children's Behavior and Academic Progress — Jan. 2012

Parent-Adolescent Conflict Interactions and Adolescent Alcohol Use — Jan. 2012


The Promising Practices Network appreciates the generosity of our supporting organizations:

Annie E. Casey Foundation

The California Wellness Foundation

The Community Foundation of North Louisiana

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Family Communications, Inc. (FCI)

Family and Community Trust

Georgia Family Connection Partnership

Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF)

Hands On Mississippi

Kansas Action for Children

New York State Office of Children & Family Services

RAND Corporation

The Spencer Foundation


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