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PPN Newsletter             July 2010


Listed below are recent updates to the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities website (http://www.promisingpractices.net).


WHAT'S NEW

Recent census estimates show a widespread increase in diversity of children and youth in the United States

Diverse group of kids
Throughout the United States, there has been an unprecedented increase in births of minority children, particularly Hispanic children, and a decline in births of white children. In fact, according to the U.S. Census, nearly one-half of births last year were to minorities. Overall, 43 percent of the current U.S. child population is composed of minorities, compared to 31 percent of the adult population. Increased diversity is occurring not only in urban areas, but in rural areas as well. In areas with traditionally concentrated minority populations, such as the Southwest and Southeast, minorities have become the demographic majority. Read more about these findings in a new issue brief from the Carsey Institute titled "The Changing Faces of America's Children and Youth".

Read moreRead the issue brief at the Carsey Institute website

Preterm births decline for the second year in a row

Newborn infant
Preliminary data from 2007 and 2008 show that preterm births (less than 37 weeks of gestation) declined during both years, which was the first two-year decline observed in nearly three decades. In 2008 the preterm birth rate was 12.3 percent, compared to 12.7 percent in 2007 and 12.8 percent in 2006. This overall decline reflects a decline in both late and early preterm births, and a decline across all age groups of women, except for those over 40. Rates are similarly declining among all racial/ethnic groups. There was no increase in preterm birth in any state except for Hawaii. Preterm birth has been associated with life-long disability as well as early death. This data brief from the National Center for Health Statistics, titled "Are Preterm Births on the Decline in the United States?," cites literature on possible explanations for past increases in preterm birth, such as use of Cesarean sections and inducing labor.

Read moreRead the data brief at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website

New research in suicide and self-injury among children and adolescents shows role for health care providers

Pediatrician talking with child
A recent issue of Pediatrics highlighted the topic of suicide and self-injury among adolescents and the potential role that health care providers can play in preventing teen suicide. One study reported in the article "Standardized Screening for Suicidal Adolescents in Primary Care" evaluated a brief intervention that encouraged pediatricians to perform standardized screening for suicide risk among their patients. The intervention resulted in increased rates of screening, identification of youth at risk for suicide, and referrals to behavioral health care providers. Another study reported in "Screening, Triage, and Referral of Patients Who Report Suicidal Thought During a Primary Care Visit" examined the feasibility of screening for suicidal intent during a primary care visit, and found that a computerized screening method followed by linkage to any required services was feasible and could lead to greater mental health service use by suicidal youths. Finally, a study of children and youth with chronic health conditions reported in "Suicide and Self-Injury Among Children and Youth with Chronic Health Conditions" found a significant association between chronic physical and mental health conditions and incidence of self-harm, suicidal thinking, and attempted suicide.

Read moreRead all three journal abstracts at the Pediatrics website: Standardized Screening...   Screening, Triage, and Referral...   Suicide and Self-Injury...


RESEARCH IN BRIEF

Listed below are research summaries that have been added to the PPN site this month.


See all in this area »  Healthy and Safe Children


2009 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) — June 2010

History of Maltreatment and Mental Health Problems in Foster Children: A Review of the Literature — June 2010

Involvement in Internet Aggression During Early Adolescence — June 2010

Long-term Physical Health Consequences of Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Meta-Analytic Review — June 2010

Poly-Victimization and Risk of Posttraumatic, Depressive, and Substance Use Disorders and Involvement in Delinquency in a National Sample of Adolescents — June 2010

Are Preterm Births on the Decline in the United States? — May 2010

Comparative Safety of Antidepressant Agents for Children and Adolescents Regarding Suicidal Acts — May 2010

Conditions of Confinement: Findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement — May 2010

Co-Occurrence of Victimization from Five Subtypes of Bullying: Physical, Verbal, Social Exclusion, Spreading Rumors, and Cyber — May 2010

The Effectiveness of a Bicycle Safety Program for Improving Safety-Related Knowledge and Behavior in Young Elementary Students — May 2010

Enduring Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting by Nurses on Children: Follow-up of a Randomized Trial Among Children at Age 12 Years — May 2010

The New Demography of American Motherhood — May 2010

NIH Study Finds That Overweight Girls Who Lose Weight Reduce Adult Diabetes Risk — May 2010

Poverty, Food Insecurity, and the Behavior for Childhood Internalizing and Externalizing Disorders — May 2010

Screening, Triage, and Referral of Patients Who Report Suicidal Thought During a Primary Care Visit — May 2010

Standardized Screening for Suicidal Adolescents in Primary Care — May 2010

Suicide and Self-Injury Among Children and Youth With Chronic Health Conditions — May 2010

Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers — May 2010

America's Future: Latino Child Well-Being in Numbers and Trends — Apr. 2010

Current Pediatrician Practices in Identifying High-Risk Behaviors of Adolescents — Apr. 2010

Food Insecurity and Obesity: Is There a Relationship Among Children and Families? — Apr. 2010

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Early-Life Risk Factors for Childhood Obesity — Apr. 2010

Soda Taxes, Soft Drink Consumption, and Children's Body Mass Index — Apr. 2010

Taxing Soft Drinks and Restricting Access to Vending Machines to Curb Child Obesity — Apr. 2010

The Changing Faces of America's Children and Youth — Spring 2010

Factors Involved in the Persistence of Overweight among Children Enrolled in the Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children — Mar. 2010

Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today — Mar. 2010

Testing a Series of Causal Propositions Relating Time in Child Care to Children's Externalizing Behavior — Jan. 2010

Rural Families with a Child Abuse Report are More Likely Headed by a Single Parent and Endure Economic and Family Stress — Winter 2010


See all in this area »  Children Ready for School


Undercover Testing Finds Fraud and Abuse at Selected Head Start Centers — May 2010

Word Learning From Baby Videos — May 2010


See all in this area »  Children Succeeding in School


Adolescent Outcomes of Childhood Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a Diverse Community Sample — June 2010

Early Results Show No Impact of Teacher Advancement Program in Chicago — June 2010

Interpersonal Relationships and the Development of Behavior Problems in Adolescents in Urban Schools: A Longitudinal Study — June 2010

Addressing the Unmet Educational Needs of Children and Youth in the Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Systems — May 2010

Condition of Education 2010 — May 2010

Conditions of Confinement: Findings from the Survey of Youth in Residential Placement — May 2010

Enduring Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting by Nurses on Children: Follow-up of a Randomized Trial Among Children at Age 12 Years — May 2010

Link Between Child Care and Academic Achievement and Behavior Persists Into Adolescence — May 2010

Making the Transition: Interim Results of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Evaluation — May 2010

The New Demography of American Motherhood — May 2010

America's Future: Latino Child Well-Being in Numbers and Trends — Apr. 2010

The Changing Faces of America's Children and Youth — Spring 2010

An Experimental Assessment of the Effects of Reading Software Products on Reading Test Scores — Mar. 2010

Student Eligibility for a Free Lunch as an SES Measure in Education Research — Mar. 2010


See all in this area »  Strong Families


Long-Term Economic Costs of Psychological Problems During Childhood — July 2010

Enduring Effects of Prenatal and Infancy Home Visiting by Nurses on Maternal Life Course and Government Spending: Follow-up of a Randomized Trial Among Children at Age 12 Years — May 2010

Poverty, Food Insecurity, and the Behavior for Childhood Internalizing and Externalizing Disorders — May 2010

America's Future: Latino Child Well-Being in Numbers and Trends — Apr. 2010

The Changing Faces of America's Children and Youth — Spring 2010

Factors Involved in the Persistence of Overweight among Children Enrolled in the Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children — Mar. 2010

Parenting Infants and Toddlers Today — Mar. 2010

Rural Families with a Child Abuse Report are More Likely Headed by a Single Parent and Endure Economic and Family Stress — Winter 2010



ABOUT OUR SUPPORTERS

The Promising Practices Network appreciates the generosity of our supporting organizations:


Annie E. Casey Foundation

The California Wellness Foundation

The Community Foundation of Shreveport-Bossier

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Family Communications, Inc. (FCI)

Family and Community Trust

Georgia Family Connection Partnership

Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF)

Hands On Mississippi

Kansas Action for Children

New York State Office of Children & Family Services

RAND Corporation

The Spencer Foundation


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