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PPN Newsletter             January 2010


Listed below are recent updates to the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities website (http://www.promisingpractices.net).


WHAT'S NEW

Follow-up evaluation of Head Start program finds that most gains in cognitive development fade out by first grade

Students in first grade classroom
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has released a follow-up to a 2005 study assessing gains made by approximately five thousand children randomly assigned to Head Start programs compared to children who did not attend Head Start programs. The 2005 study found that children made some progress on cognitive measures, particularly in pre-literacy skills. Kindergarten and first grade follow-up assessments, however, found that Head Start children's gains in these areas faded out, with the exception of small gains in vocabulary. These findings are particularly noteworthy based on the high profile that the Head Start program has in the Obama administration's efforts to promote early learning, particularly with regards to vulnerable children.

Read moreRead the news release at the Dept. of Health and Human Services website Read moreRead the excutive summary at the Dept. of Health and Human Services website

Teen methamphetamine use and cigarette smoking at lowest levels ever in 2009 Monitoring the Future survey

Teen putting out a cigarette
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse's 2009 Monitoring the Future survey, teens are smoking tobacco cigarettes at the lowest rates in the survey's 35-year history. Teen methamphetamine use is also at its lowest level since the question was introduced on the survey in 1999, and teens' perceptions of the harmfulness of certain illicit drugs, such as LSD, heroin and cocaine, has increased. However, teens are increasingly unlikely to view alcohol and marijuana as harmful, and this was associated with a small increase in marijuana utilization among eighth, tenth, and twelfth grade students. Also noteworthy is the continuing use of prescription drugs, such as the ADHD medication Adderall, for non-medical purposes. The vast majority of teens who reported using prescription drugs for non-medical purposes said that they got the drugs from a friend or relative.

Read moreRead the news release at the National Institutes of Health website

Children with special health care needs show increasing coverage under SCHIP

Two children with special needs
Despite recent expansions in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), studies have shown that there are still children who are eligible for SCHIP benefits but remain uninsured. Children with special health care needs are a particularly vulnerable population, though a recent study in Pediatrics finds that the number of SCHIP-eligible children with special health care needs who are uninsured has dropped by half between 2000 and 2005, from over 21 percent to 10 percent. The study also examined the impact of state policies on uninsurance and determined that requiring an asset test at the time of enrollment was related to higher rates of uninsurance.

Read moreRead the journal abstract at the Pediatrics website

Over one-third of sex offenders are juveniles, according to National Incident-Based Reporting System

Juvenile sex offender
A bulletin from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, based on the National Incident-Based Reporting System, found that juveniles account for more than one-third of individuals known to police to have committed sex offenses against minors. This runs counter to a common perception that all sex offenders are adults. Juvenile sex offenders are much more likely than adult sex offenders to commit their crime in a group, and are more likely to commit the offense in a school setting. This bulletin highlights the need to focus sexual abuse prevention efforts on juvenile as well as adult populations.

Read moreRead the bulletin at the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention website


RESEARCH IN BRIEF

Listed below are research summaries that have been added to the PPN site this month.


See all in this area »  Healthy and Safe Children


Head Start Impact Study: Final Report — Jan. 2010

State School Nutrition and Physical Activity Policy Environments and Youth Obesity — Jan. 2010

Adolescent Exposure to Alcohol Advertising in Magazines: An Evaluation of Advertising Placement in Relation to Underage Youth Readership — Dec. 2009

Effects of Park Improvements on Park Use and Physical Activity: Policy and Programming Implications — Dec. 2009

Efficacy of Sexually Transmitted Disease/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sexual Risk-Reduction Intervention for African American Adolescent Females Seeking Sexual Health Services — Dec. 2009

The Impact of Industry Self-Regulation on the Nutritional Quality of Foods Advertised on Television to Children — Dec. 2009

Juvenile Arrests 2008 — Dec. 2009

Juveniles Who Commit Sex Offenses Against Minors — Dec. 2009

A Longitudinal Population-Based Study of Factors in Adolescence Predicting Homelessness in Young Adulthood — Dec. 2009

A National Survey of Obesity Prevention Practices in Head Start — Dec. 2009

National Survey Tracks Rates of Common Mental Disorders Among American Youth — Dec. 2009

Nutrition and Physical Activity Policies and Practices in Family Child Care Homes — Dec. 2009

Preschool-Aged Children's Television Viewing in Child Care Settings — Dec. 2009

Prescription Medication Sharing Among Adolescents: Prevalence, Risks, and Outcomes — Dec. 2009

Recent Trends in State Children's Health Insurance Program Eligibility and Coverage for CSHCN — Dec. 2009

Substance Use and the Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents — Dec. 2009

Survival of Children with HIV in the United States Has Improved Dramatically Since 1990s — Dec. 2009

Teen Methamphetamine Use, Cigarette Smoking at Lowest Levels in NIDA's 2009 Monitoring the Future Survey — Dec. 2009

Teens and Sexting — Dec. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 3 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 6 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Aged 6-11 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Aged 12-17 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 18 — Nov. 2009

Motor Development in Very Preterm and Very Low-Birth-Weight Children From Birth to Adolescence — Nov. 2009

The Negative Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Children's Health — Nov. 2009

Violence, Abuse, and Crime Exposure in a National Sample of Children and Youth — Nov. 2009

Impact of Teen Depression on Academic, Social, and Physical Functioning — Oct. 2009

Primary Access to Vehicles Increases Risky Teen Driving Behaviors and Crashes — Oct. 2009


See all in this area »  Children Ready for School


Head Start Impact Study: Final Report — Jan. 2010


See all in this area »  Children Succeeding in School


Juvenile Arrests 2008 — Dec. 2009

Tracking An Emerging Movement: A Report on Expanded-Time Schools in America — Dec. 2009

State Test Score Trends Through 2007-08: Has Progress Been Made in Raising Achievement for Students with Disabilities? — Nov. 2009

Impact of Teen Depression on Academic, Social, and Physical Functioning — Oct. 2009


See all in this area »  Strong Families


A Longitudinal Population-Based Study of Factors in Adolescence Predicting Homelessness in Young Adulthood — Dec. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 3 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 6 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Aged 6-11 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Aged 12-17 — Nov. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Children: Children Under Age 18 — Nov. 2009



ABOUT OUR SUPPORTERS

The Promising Practices Network appreciates the generosity of our supporting organizations:


Annie E. Casey Foundation

The California Wellness Foundation

The Colorado Trust

The Community Foundation of Shreveport-Bossier

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Family Communications, Inc. (FCI)

Family and Community Trust

Georgia Family Connection Partnership

Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF)

Hands On Gulf Coast

Kansas Action for Children

KidsOhio.org

New York State Office of Children & Family Services

RAND Corporation

The Spencer Foundation


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