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PPN Newsletter             June 2009


Listed below are recent updates to the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities website (http://www.promisingpractices.net).


WHAT'S NEW

Nurse Family Partnership Shows Sustained Improvement on Key Indicators of Maternal and Child Wellbeing

Mother caring for newborn
Nurse Family Partnership (NFP), a home visitation program which has already been listed as a "Proven" program on this site, provides evidence of effectiveness in a new study of participants nine years after the the children were born. The program summary has recently been updated with results from a follow-up study which found that women enrolled in NFP were significantly less likely to have given birth to low birth weight infants, had fewer subsequent births, and experienced longer relationships with their current partners. Their children were less likely to have suffered death by preventable causes, and had higher scores on achievement tests at 9 years of age.

Go to PPN pageRead PPN's updated Nurse Family Partnership program summary

Study Shows Reading Comprehension Curricula Have No Positive Impact on Disadvantaged Students

Boy reading book
A new federal study conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. examined the effectivess of four reading comprehension programs and whether these programs help disadvantaged students improve their reading comprehension skills. In the report Effectiveness of Selected Supplemental Reading Comprehension Interventions: Impacts on a First Cohort of Fifth-Grade Students, findings reveal that these reading programs had no positive impact on student test scores. In some cases, the programs had a negative impact, particularly in the case of students who had the lowest initial reading comprehension scores and for those who attended high-poverty schools. Negative effects were also found for students with above-average initial reading fluency skills and for students taught by more experienced educators. Future studies should investigate the possibility that these curricula may be more effective after schools have had more experience using them, or that positive outcomes for students might develop over time.

Read moreRead the news release at the Mathematica website

Two New Reports Highlight Recent Trends in Gang Problems and Juvenile Crime

Gang member in handcuffs
Two new reports from the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention highlight recent trends in gang problems and juvenile arrest rates. In a fact sheet titled Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey, findings suggest that gang problems have started to increase in recent years, after a former decline in youth gang activity seen from the mid-1990s to the early 2000s. One in five larger cities reported an increase in gang homicides in 2007 compared with 2006, and approximately two in five reported an increase in other violent offenses by gang members. Findings from the bulletin titled Juvenile Arrests 2007 suggested more positive trends in juvenile behavior, with the number of juvenile arrests overall declining by 2% and the number of juvenile arrests for violent crimes declining by 3% from 2006 to 2007. These positive findings are also reflected in the data for males and females, for white and minority youth, and for most offense categories as well.

Read moreRead the Fact Sheet on youth gangs and the Bulletin on juvenile arrests at U.S. Department of Justice website


RESEARCH IN BRIEF

Listed below are research summaries that have been added to the PPN site this month.


See all in this area »  Healthy and Safe Children


Child Health in Child Care: A Multi-state Survey of Head Start and Non-Head Start Child Care Directors — May 2009

High School Students Who Tried to Quit Smoking Cigarettes — May 2009

New Data Analysis Shows Possible Link Between Childhood Obesity and Allergies — May 2009

Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom, and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage — May 2009

Prevention Program Helps Teens Override a Gene Linked to Risky Behavior — May 2009

Progress in Timely Vaccination Coverage Among Children Living in Low-Income Households — May 2009

Trends in Sexual Experience, Contraceptive Use, and Teenage Childbearing: 1992-2002 — May 2009

Adolescent Alcohol Use, Suicidal Ideation, and Suicide Attempts — Apr. 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Adolescents — Apr. 2009

Child Abuse Training and Knowledge: A National Survey of Emergency Medicine, Family Medicine, and Pediatric Residents and Program Directors — Apr. 2009

Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options — Apr. 2009

Drug Use and Limited Prenatal Care: An Examination of Responsible Barriers — Apr. 2009

Dynamics of WIC Program Participation by Infants and Children, 2001 to 2003 — Apr. 2009

Early School-Age Outcomes of Late Preterm Infants — Apr. 2009

Exploring the Links Between Family Strengths and Adolescent Outcomes — Apr. 2009

Follow-up Outcomes at 1 and 2 Years of Infants Born Less Than 32 Weeks After Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program — Apr. 2009

Highlights of the 2007 National Youth Gang Survey — Apr. 2009

Juvenile Arrests 2007 — Apr. 2009

Maternal Age, Multiple Birth, and Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants — Apr. 2009

Preventive Care for Adolescents: Few Get Visits and Fewer Get Services — Apr. 2009

Trends in Sexual Risk Behaviors, by Nonsexual Risk Behavior Involvement, U.S. High School Students, 1991-2007 — Apr. 2009

12-Month and Lifetime Prevalence of Suicide Attempts Among Black Adolescents in the National Survey of American Life — Mar. 2009

Age Variability in the Association Between Heavy Episodic Drinking and Adolescent Suicide Attempts: Findings From a Large-Scale, School-Based Screening Program — Mar. 2009

Disparities in Obesity and Overweight Prevalence Among U.S. Immigrant Children and Adolescents by Generational Status — Mar. 2009

Disparities in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Among U.S. Children and Adolescents: Prevalence, Correlates, and Intervention Implications — Mar. 2009

Early Impact of the Federally Mandated Local Wellness Policy on Physical Activity in Rural, Low-Income Elementary Schools in Colorado — Mar. 2009

Sociodemographic, Family, and Environmental Factors Associated with Active Commuting to School Among U.S. Adolescents — Mar. 2009

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities — Mar. 2009

Diet Quality of American Young Children by WIC Participation Status: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey — July 2008


See all in this area »  Children Ready for School


Early School-Age Outcomes of Late Preterm Infants — Apr. 2009

A Stimulus for Second-Generation QRIS — Apr. 2009


See all in this area »  Children Succeeding in School


Effectiveness of Selected Supplemental Reading Comprehension Interventions: Impacts on a First Cohort of Fifth-Grade Students — May 2009

Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options — Apr. 2009

Cities in Crisis 2009: Closing the Graduation Gap — Apr. 2009

The Nation's Report Card: Trends in Academic Progress in Reading and Mathematics 2008 — Apr. 2009

New Indicators of High School Career/Technical Education Coursetaking: Class of 2005 — Apr. 2009

Every Student Counts: The Role of Federal Policy in Improving Graduation Rate Accountability — Mar. 2009


See all in this area »  Strong Families


Parental Imprisonment, the Prison Boom, and the Concentration of Childhood Disadvantage — May 2009

Progress in Timely Vaccination Coverage Among Children Living in Low-Income Households — May 2009

Basic Facts About Low-Income Adolescents — Apr. 2009

Children in Immigrant Families — The U.S. and 50 States: Economic Need Beyond the Official Poverty Measure — Apr. 2009

Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options — Apr. 2009

Exploring the Links Between Family Strengths and Adolescent Outcomes — Apr. 2009

Transforming Disability Policy for Youth and Young Adults with Disabilities — Mar. 2009

Diet Quality of American Young Children by WIC Participation Status: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey — July 2008



ABOUT OUR SUPPORTERS

The Promising Practices Network appreciates the generosity of our supporting organizations:


Annie E. Casey Foundation

The California Wellness Foundation

The Colorado Trust

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Family and Community Trust

Foundation Consortium for California's Children & Youth

Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning and Children's Media, at Saint Vincent College

Georgia Family Connection Partnership

Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF)

Kansas Action for Children

KidsOhio.org

New York State Office of Children & Family Services

RAND Corporation

The Spencer Foundation


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