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PPN Newsletter             April 2009


Listed below are recent updates to the Promising Practices Network on Children, Families and Communities website (http://www.promisingpractices.net).


WHAT'S NEW

Expert Perspectives:  Child Policy Experts Answer Your Questions about Child Care Quality

Preschoolers learning to count
PPN is pleased to announce that we have posted answers from our experts in response to the questions submitted by PPN site visitors during the months of March and April. This Expert Perspectives feature allowed visitors to ask leading child policy experts their questions on the topic of child care quality and methods used to measure child care quality. Many thanks to PPN visitors who submitted questions!

Go to PPN pageRead the answers from the experts

Effect of School-Based Physical Activity Interventions on Body Mass Index in Children

Boy crossing monkey bars
Research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) casts doubts on the effectiveness of increasing school-based physical activity programs as a means to significantly halt rising rates of childhood obesity. Researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the existing research literature on the effect of school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index (BMI) in children. Findings showed that BMI and other measures of body composition did not improve for elementary school children who participated in these programs, though other beneficial health effects were noted. Because policies that mandate increased physical activity in schools are unlikely to have a significant effect on the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity, alternative strategies to combat obesity should be investigated.

Read moreRead the journal abstract at the CMAJ website

Are Charter Schools Making a Difference? A Study of Student Outcomes in Eight States

High school graduates
Since the first U.S. charter school opened in 1992, the number of charter schools has continued to grow and the topic has inspired continued debate. Proponents of charter schools contend that they expand educational choices, increase innovation, improve student achievement, and promote healthy competition with traditional public schools, while opponents argue that charter schools lead to increased racial stratification of students, reduce resources for traditional public schools, and provide no real improvement in student outcomes. New research from the RAND Corporation examines the effects of U.S. charter schools on these issues and is the first study to explore how charter schools affect long-term student outcomes. The most striking finding was that students who attend charter high schools may be more likely to graduate and go on to college—two critical outcomes that have not been examined in previous research—suggesting the need to look beyond achievement-test scores when measuring the effectiveness of charter schools.

Read moreRead the research brief at the RAND Corporation website


RESEARCH IN BRIEF

Listed below are research summaries that have been added to the PPN site this month.


See all in this area »  Healthy and Safe Children


Eating When There is Not Enough to Eat: Eating Behaviors and Perceptions of Food Among Food-Insecure Youths — May 2009

Health Risk Behaviors and Mental Health Problems as Mediators of the Relationship Between Childhood Abuse and Adult Health — May 2009

Material Hardship and the Physical Health of School-Aged Children in Low-Income Households — May 2009

Perceived Racial/Ethnic Discrimination Among Fifth-Grade Students and Its Association With Mental Health — May 2009

Seven-Year Life Outcomes of Adolescent Offenders in Los Angeles — May 2009

Infidelity, Trust, and Condom Use Among Latino Youth in Dating Relationships — Apr. 2009

Maltreatment Following Reunification: Predictors of Subsequent Child Protective Services Contact After Children Return Home — Apr. 2009

Prevalence of Obesity Among U.S. Preschool Children in Different Racial and Ethnic Groups — Apr. 2009

Reduction in Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Response to a Low-Sugar, High-Fiber Dietary Intervention in Overweight Latino Adolescents — Apr. 2009

Births: Preliminary Data for 2007 — Mar. 2009

Do Educational Materials Change Knowledge and Behaviour about Crying and Shaken Baby Syndrome? A Randomized Controlled Trial — Mar. 2009

Effect of School-Based Physical Activity Interventions on Body Mass Index in Children: A Meta-Analysis — Mar. 2009

Findings from the ABCD Screening Academy: State Policy Improvements that Support Effective Identification of Children At Risk for Developmental Delay — Mar. 2009

Food Insecurity and Risk of Poor Health Among U.S.-Born Children of Immigrants — Mar. 2009

Household Language, Parent Developmental Concerns, and Child Risk for Developmental Disorder — Mar. 2009

Major Depression and Antidepressant Treatment: Impact on Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes — Mar. 2009

Parental Disconnect Between Perceived and Actual Weight Status of Children: A Metasynthesis of the Current Research — Mar. 2009

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in the Identification of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders — Mar. 2009

Short-Term Intensive Treatment Not Likely to Improve Long-Term Outcomes for Children with ADHD — Mar. 2009

State-Based Home Visiting: Strengthening Programs Through State Leadership — Mar. 2009

Teen Births: Examining the Recent Increase — Mar. 2009

Youths Exposed to HIV Before Birth Have Higher Chance of Developing Psychiatric Disorders — Mar. 2009

Adverse Childhood Events and Lifetime Alcohol Dependence — Feb. 2009

Associations Between Indoor Environmental Factors and Parental-Reported Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Children 6-8 Years of Age — Feb. 2009

The Effectiveness of Child Restraint Systems for Children Aged 3 Years or Younger During Motor Vehicle Collisions: 1996 to 2005 — Feb. 2009

Managed Care Quality of Care and Plan Choice in New York SCHIP — Feb. 2009

Maximizing Kids' Enrollment in Medicaid and SCHIP: What Works in Reaching, Enrolling and Retaining Eligible Children — Feb. 2009

Racial, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Differences in the Incidence of Obesity Related to Childbirth — Feb. 2009

School-Based Screening to Identify At-Risk Students Not Already Known to School Professionals: The Columbia Suicide Screen — Feb. 2009

Intimate Partner Violence, Maternal Stress, Nativity, and Risk for Maternal Maltreatment of Young Children — Jan. 2009

Intimate Partner Violence and Community Service Needs Among Pregnant and Postpartum Latina Women — 2009

A Prospective Investigation of Suicide Ideation, Attempts, and Use of Mental Health Service Among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment — Dec. 2008


See all in this area »  Children Ready for School


Findings from the ABCD Screening Academy: State Policy Improvements that Support Effective Identification of Children At Risk for Developmental Delay — Mar. 2009

Household Language, Parent Developmental Concerns, and Child Risk for Developmental Disorder — Mar. 2009

State-Based Home Visiting: Strengthening Programs Through State Leadership — Mar. 2009


See all in this area »  Children Succeeding in School


Are Charter Schools Making a Difference? A Study of Student Outcomes in Eight States — Mar. 2009


See all in this area »  Strong Families


Material Hardship and the Physical Health of School-Aged Children in Low-Income Households — May 2009

Maltreatment Following Reunification: Predictors of Subsequent Child Protective Services Contact After Children Return Home — Apr. 2009

Maximizing Kids' Enrollment in Medicaid and SCHIP: What Works in Reaching, Enrolling and Retaining Eligible Children — Feb. 2009



ABOUT OUR SUPPORTERS

The Promising Practices Network appreciates the generosity of our supporting organizations:


Annie E. Casey Foundation

The California Wellness Foundation

Colorado Foundation for Families and Children

The Colorado Trust

The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Doris Duke Charitable Foundation

Family and Community Trust

Foundation Consortium for California's Children & Youth

Fred Rogers Center for Early Learning and Children's Media, at Saint Vincent College

Georgia Family Connection Partnership

Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF)

Kansas Action for Children

KidsOhio.org

New York State Office of Children & Family Services

RAND Corporation

The Spencer Foundation


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