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Preventing Low Birth Weight

This expert has contributed to PPN's Expert Perspectives feature on the topic of preventing low birth weight.

Carol Hogue, Ph.D., M.P.H.

Dr. Carol Hogue

Jules & Uldeeen Terry Professor of Maternal and Child Health
Professor of Epidemiology
Director, Women's and Children's Center
Rollins School of Public Health
Emory University

Dr. Hogue was appointed Professor of Epidemiology and Jules & Uldeen Terry Professor of Maternal and Child Health at the Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University in 1992. For a decade before that, she was at the federal Centers for Disease Control, Division of Reproductive Health, where she was chief of the Pregnancy Epidemiology Branch (1982-88) and then Director of the Division (1988-1992). Prior to her government service, she was on the Biometry faculty of Arkansas medical school (1977-82) and the Biostatistics faculty of UNC-CH School of Public Health (1974-77). While at CDC, Dr. Hogue initiated many of the current CDC reproductive health programs, including the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System, and the National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project that initiated the national and state-level development and use of linked birth and death records. In addition, Dr. Hogue led the first research on maternal morbidities that was the precursor to the current safe motherhood initiative, and the initial innovative research on racial disparities in preterm delivery that found that college-educated African American women have a three-fold risk of very preterm delivery, when compared to college-educated White women. This discovery has triggered further research into biological, biosocial, and environmental causes of this as-yet unexplained excess risk.

Her ongoing research interests include the long-term effects of induced abortion, epidemiology of preterm delivery, and the impact of pregnancy complications on minority health. She has published broadly in maternal health, including studies of ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth, unintended pregnancy, contraceptive failure, and reproductive cancers. She is lead editor of the book, Minority Health in America (Johns Hopkins U. Press, 2000) and of a 2001 supplement to the journal Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, entitled "New Perspectives on the Stubborn Challenge of Preterm Birth." Currently she is PI of the Emory Center in the NICHD-funded Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network as well as co-PI of the Emory National Children's Study Center. She is also leading intervention research into reducing obesity among African American women healthcare workers, funded by CDC and USDA. Among her many honors, Dr. Hogue served as President of the Society for Epidemiologic Research (1988-89), served on the Institute of Medicine Committee on Unintended Pregnancy (1993-1995), was Chair of the Regional Advisory Panel for the Americas of the World Health Organization Human Reproduction Programme (1997-99), President of the American College of Epidemiology (2002-4), Senior Fellow of the Emory Center for the Study of Law and Religion (2001-6), and received the MCH Coalition’s National Effective Practice Award in 2002.