Child policy experts share their perspectives on the following topics:
Baby Videos and Television
New media forms and seemingly contradictory research findings and news reports have made the topic of media and outcomes for young children both controversial and confusing.
In this Expert Perspectives feature, PPN visitors had the opportunity to ask three leading child policy experts their questions on the topic of videos and television programming for children under two years old.
Child Abuse Prevention
On behalf of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation's Child Abuse Prevention Program, the Promising Practices Network asked six professionals knowledgeable about child abuse and neglect prevention to answer the following question: If you had $5 million to spend each year for the next five years to prevent child abuse and neglect in the United States, how would you spend it?
The authors represent a variety of backgrounds and perspectives. Each author has written a thoughtful response to the question and taken together, the set of papers offers a broad range of innovative ideas and strategies to make a significant impact on the prevention of child abuse and neglect.
Child Care Quality
Improving child care quality has been a priority for policymakers over the last decade, and child care quality rating systems (QRS) have proliferated across the country. However, several studies released in 2008 find little evidence that the ratings reported by these systems are associated with measures of children's well-being. As such, the evidence raises questions about the reliability of these systems to accurately measure the quality of child care services.
In this Expert Perspectives feature, child policy experts answered questions from PPN visitors about the topic of child care quality and methods used to measure child care quality.
Child Care Quality Policy Forum: Promising Practices Related to Child Care Quality
A panel of leading national experts discussed research evidence related to assessing the quality of child care. This policy forum was designed to help decision makers and funders understand the latest research related to child care quality and the implications for policymakers.
This forum was hosted by the Promising Practices Network (PPN), RAND Corporation, and Grantmakers for Children, Youth and Families (GCYF) in Santa Monica, California and via Webinar on December 9, 2009.
The Head Start program is perhaps the most well known early childhood program in the United States. Despite hundreds of research studies conducted on the Head Start program over nearly half a century, controversy remains regarding the effectiveness of Head Start in achieving its multidimensional goal of promoting school readiness by providing educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to enrolled children and families. Recently published first grade follow-up results of the Head Start Impact Study have refueled this debate with the finding that Head Start participants achieve cognitive gains that fade out by the end of the first grade year.
This Expert Perspectives feature offered PPN visitors the opportunity to ask leading child policy experts their questions about the evidence related to Head Start.
Low Birth Weight Prevention
Low birth weight (LBW) infants are those that are born weighing less than 5.5 pounds. Research shows that low birth weight infants face higher rates of infant mortality, developmental challenges, and long-term disabilities. The prevention of low birth weight infants is a serious public health challenge, and recent data suggest that the rate of LBW infants born in the United States has reached its highest level in almost 30 years.
In this Expert Perspectives feature, three leading experts on child and maternal health answered visitors' questions on the topic of preventing low birth weight.
Quality of Health Care Policy Forum: The Quality of Health Care for America's Children
When it comes to getting the right care at the right time, children in the United States fare even worse than adults. A national assessment of quality of care by the RAND Corporation found that, on average, adults receive about 55% of recommended care, while children receive recommended care less than half the time. They are not receiving recommended preventive care and screening services, such as regular weight and measurement checks, nor are they receiving standard care for common conditions such as asthma and diarrhea.
Dr. Elizabeth McGlynn, Associate Director for RAND Health and an internationally recognized expert on assessing and reporting on quality of care, shared research findings and recommendations related to the quality of pediatric health care in the United States. This policy luncheon was hosted by the Promising Practices Network and the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California on December 4, 2007.
SCHIP Policy Forum: Effective State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Policy
The State Children's Health Insurance Program, or SCHIP, provides health insurance coverage for millions of low-income children not covered by Medicaid through a federal and state partnership. As SCHIP celebrated its 10th anniversary, it was up for federal reauthorization as well as being subject to legislative changes in numerous states.
This policy forum brought together leading experts from around the nation to share lessons from SCHIP's first 10 years in the areas of research, policy, and implementation. This forum was hosted by the Promising Practices Network and Kansas Action for Children in Kansas City, Missouri on June 5, 2007.